Congenital hypothyroidism refers to the inability of a newborn to make enough of the thyroid hormone to develop and grow normally right from birth. It may also lead to mental retardation if not detected within the first few days after birth.
Thyroid hormones are extremely important for brain development and overall growth. However, even if there is complete lack of development of the thyroid gland, the babies appear normal at birth. GSK, an OPPI member company, launched a campaign on congenital hypothyroidism. They have identified twelve major cities across the country. They are now working nationwide with endocrinologists to drive home the need for early detection and early treatment by parents and doctors .